August 26, 2016

From Leningrad to Narva Part 1: Army Group North Order of Battle

SPW of Army Group North


During the two years after the first Soviet winter offensive Army Group North (Generalfeldmarschall Georg von Küchler) had occupied an almost stationary front. At the beginning of 1944 the Army Group was in positions as follows:




Eighteenth Army (Generaloberst Georg Lindemann)

Eighteenth Army


The Oranienbaum (Lomonosov) bridgehead was seen to by the III (Germanic) SS Panzerkorps (SS-Obergruppenführer Felix Steiner). Here they had available (from west to east):
  • Kampfgruppe SS-Polizei-Division (SS-Standartenführer Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock)
  • 11th SS-Freiwilligen-Panzer-Grenadier-Division “Nordland” (SS-Brigadeführer Fritz von Scholz)
  • 10th Luftwaffe Field Division (Generalmajor Hermann von Wedel)
  • 9th Luftwaffe Field Division (Generalmajor Heinrich Geerkens)

The 4th SS-Freiwilligen-Panzer-Grenadier-Brigade “Nederland” (SS-Oberführer Jürgen Wagner) was in transport.

The front around Leningrad (Saint Petersburg), which ran from Uritsk through Pushkin to the Neva River, was formed by the L Armeekorps (General der Infanterie Wilhelm Wegener) with the (from west to east):
  • 126th Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Gotthard Fischer)
  • 170th Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Walther Krause)
  • 215th Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Bruno Frankewitz)

and LIV Armeekorps (General der Infanterie Otto Sponheimer) with the (from west to east):
  • 11th Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Hellmuth Reymann)
  • 24th Infanterie-Division (Oberst Kurt Versock)
  • 225th Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Walther Riẞe)


General Lindemann (center) inspecting infantry positions
3. General Lindemann (center) inspecting infantry positions.

The front of the Sinyavino Heights and Pogost’ye pocket was held by the XXVI Armeekorps (General der Infanterie Martin Grase) with the (from west to east):
  • 61st Infanterie-Division (Generalmajor Joachim Albrecht von Blücher)
  • 227th Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Wilhelm Berlin)
  • 254th Infanterie-Division (Generalmajor Alfred Thielmann)
  • 212th Infanterie-Division (Generalmajor Dr. Karl Koske)
  • Spanish Legion (Colonel Antonio Garcia Navarro) assigned to the 121st Infanterie-Division
  • 121st Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Hellmuth Prieẞ)
  • 12th Luftwaffe Field Division (Generalmajor Gottfried Weber)

The front from Kirishi to Novgorod (Veliky Novgorod) was held by the XXVIII Armeekorps (General der Artillerie Herbert Loch) with the (from north to south):
  • 96th Infanterie-Division (Oberst Fischer)
  • 21st Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Gerhard Matzky)
  • 13th Luftwaffe Field Division (Generalleutnant Hellmuth Reymann)

and the XXXVIII Armeekorps (General der Artillerie Kurt Herzog) with the (from north to south):

  • 2nd SS Latvian Brigade (SS-Oberführer Hinrich Schuldt)
  • 28th Jäger-Division (Generalleutnant Hans Speth)
  • 1st Luftwaffe Field Division (Generalmajor Rudolf-Friedrich Petrauschke)
Sixteenth Army

Sixteenth Army


The area south of Lake Ilmen to Army Group Center was occupied by the Sixteenth Army (General der Artillerie Christian Hansen). Between Lake Ilmen and Kholm was the X Armeekorps (General der Infanterie Thomas-Emil von Wickede) with the (from north to south):
  • 30th Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Wilhelm Hasse)
  • 8th Jäger-Division (Generalleutnant Friedrick Volckamer von Kirchensittenbach)
  • 21st Luftwaffe Field Division (Generalmajor Rudolf-Eduard Licht)

From Kholm to the Novosokolniki Heights were the II Armeekorps (General der Infanterie Paul Laux) with the (from north to south):
  • 218th Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Viktor Lang)
  • 93rd Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Karl Löwrick)

and VI SS Armeekorps (SS-Obergruppenführer Karl von Pfeffer-Wildenbruch) with the (from north to south):
  • 331st Infanterie-Division (Generalmajor Heinz Furbach)
  • 205th Infanterie-Division (Generalmajor Horst von Mellenthin)


Mounted soldiers of Army Group North
5. Mounted soldiers of Army Group North.

The Nevel area was occupied by the XXXXIII Armeekorps (General der Infanterie Karl von Oven) with the (from north to south):
  • 15th Latvian SS Division (SS-Gruppenführer Carl Graf von Pückler-Burghauss)
  • 83rd Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Scherer)
  • 263rd Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Werner Richter)

and I Armeekorps (General der Infanterie Carl Hilpert) with the:
  • 69th Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Bruno Ortner)
  • 58th Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Curt Siewert)
  • 122nd Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Kurt Chill)
  • 290th Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Conrad-Oskar Heinrichs)
  • 23rd Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Paul Gurran)

The front from Pustoshka to Lake Nieščarda was defended by the VIII Armeekorps (General der Infanterie Gustav Höhne) with the:
  • 329th Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Dr. Johannes Mayer)
  • 81st Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Erich Scopper)
  • SS-Kampfgruppe Jeckeln (SS-Obergruppenführer Friedrich Jeckeln)
  • 132nd Infanterie-Division (Generalleutnant Herbert Wagner)


Bibliography & Internet Sources
Haupt, Werner. Army Group North. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Military History, 1997.
Littlejohn, David. Foreign Legions of the Third Reich 2. 1981. R. James Bender Publishing, 1987.
Michaelis, Rolf. The 11th SS-Freiwilligen-Panzer-Grenadier-Division “Nordland”. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Military History, 2008.
Yerger, Mark C. Waffen-SS Commanders. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Military History, 1997.
Ziemke, Earl F. Stalingrad to Berlin - The German Defeat in the East. 1968. Reprint. Washington, DC: Office of the Chief of Military History, U.S. Army, 2002.
http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/


Photos attribution
1. Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-701-0371-17/Bohne/CC BY-SA 3.0 de, via Wikimedia Commons
2., 4.  http://www.openstreetmap.org/copyright, operational details: author
3. Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-B20689/Schröter/CC BY-SA 3.0 de, via Wikimedia Commons
5. Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-725-0190-11/Reimers/CC BY-SA 3.0 de, via Wikimedia Commons